This report is a result of local millennium assessment with a case study of
Greater Jakarta Bay Ecosystem (GJBE). This exercise is mainly based on secondary data provided by several stakeholders in GJBE area. (www.millenniumassessment.org/documents_sga/Indonesia%20MA2004_Final.pdf)
Jakarta Bay and Kepulauan Seribu (Thousand islands) essentially form a large coastal ecosystem with relatively different characteristics. As any large coastal ecosystems, the Greater Jakarta Bay Ecosystem (GJBE)
provides at least four major functions to the existence of human well-being and economic development i.e., life-support services, supply natural resources, recreational services, and waste regulating services. Major types of system (mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs) support the existence of both marine life and local communities.