Floods are the most common natural disaster in tropical regions , including in Malaysia. According to Shaluf and Ahmadun , during the period of 1968-2004, 39 disasters hit the Malaysia which they are categorized as natural disaster (49%), man-made disaster (46%) and subsequent disasters (5%). They stated that most of the natural disasters were resulted from the heavy rains. Subsequently, Tan-Soo et al.  concluded that the conversion of inland tropical forests to oil palm and rubber plantations significantly increased the number of days flooded during the wettest months of the year in Malaysia.
Kelantan is one of the east coast states of Malaysia. According to Jusoff and Setiawan , and Jusoff and Skidmore , the state, geographically is from 101o 20’ E to 102o 40’ E and from 04o 30’ N to 06o 15’ N covers an area of approximately 1.5 million hectares. This state has faced yearly floods especially during north east monsoon seasons.
The December 2014 flood recorded as one of the worst floods to hit the Malaysia in decades which most affected areas were in Kelantan. The disaster did not only caused human fatalities and hardship; it also caused deterioration of environment and destruction of the biodiversity and natural resources.